It has been a agelong clip since the buying and selling of existent property betwixt individuals started successful Nepal. However, it has been lone astir 3 decades since this assemblage has evolved arsenic a concern industry.
Who started this, when, however and for what purpose? Let’s get into the details of the history of the existent property concern in Nepal.
1. Land wrong the ambit of law
As mentioned by the Department of Land Management and Archive, successful the Muluki Ain issued successful 1853/54 nether the Prime Minister Junga Bahadur Rana, determination were provisions astir renting onshore and related affairs.
This is said to beryllium the archetypal lawsuit of the existent authorities sector’s regularisation successful Nepal.
2. Record keeping
During the Rana era, onshore taxation was the main root of income of the country. According to the Department of Land Management and Archive, the signifier of keeping systematic records of the onshore (their presumption and area) successful the plains and hilly areas started successful 1873/74.
3. Establishment of the onshore gross office
The ‘Maal Adda’ (land gross office) was established successful 1896 arsenic an instauration for onshore administration. Likewise, Tahasil Karyalaya (finance office), initially acceptable up to wage salaries to the unit and cod the bills, was merged into the Maal Adda successful 1902.
4. Land classification and survey
Chandra Shamsher, who ruled Nepal from 1901 to 1929, classified the onshore into 4 categories: awal, doyam, seem, and chahar. Meanwhile, a onshore survey was conducted successful 1907 with the assistance of chains. After that, the onshore was taxed according to the type.
5. Beginning of ownership transfer
The process of transferring the rights of the existent property (houses and land) successful a written signifier started aft the constitution of the Pota Registration Adda successful 1921. Also, the signifier of passing the registration of existent property astatine the Maal Adda started connected April 13, 1922.
6. Commencement of crippled (kitta) survey
In 1923, the strategy of keeping the onshore records connected the ground of maps started with the instauration of the crippled survey successful Bhaktapur.
7. Promulgation of acts
The Immovable Property Requisition Act was promulgated successful the 1950s which was the archetypal instrumentality successful the signifier of an enactment to govern the sector. Likewise, the Land Reform Act, 1957 was brought to support the rights of tenants.
In 1960, the Birta Abolition Act was enacted. Similarly, the Land Survey and Measurement Act, 1962 was introduced followed by the Lands Act, 1964. In the meantime, the Land Administration Act, 1966 was besides promulgated.
8. Reorganisation of the onshore gross office
Initially, the Land Administration Office was established nether the Ministry of Land Reforms successful 9 districts, including 3 districts of the Kathmandu valley, to look aft the medication of onshore and the representation prepared arsenic per the Land Survey and Measurement Act, 1962.
In 1967, the Land Administration Office was renamed into the Land Reform Office. Meanwhile, the past Revenue Office and Funds and Collection Offices were besides converted into the Land Revenue Office, established successful 1969 nether the Land Revenue Department of the past Ministry of Finance.
Again, the sanction of the Land Revenue Office was changed to the Revenue Office and Funds and Collection Offices successful 1971. After the Land Revenue Act, 1978, was issued, the Land Revenue Office was established separately nether the Ministry of Finance the adjacent year. It made the process of buying and selling the existent property easier.
9. Path to commercialisation
Min Man Shrestha, a cardinal subordinate of the Federation of Nepalese Chamber of Commerce and Industries and the president of the Urban Development Committee nether the FNCCI, says that the assemblage has moved up commercially lone aft the 1990s. Since then, the attraction of the businesspersons successful this country has been increasing, adds Shrestha.
After the ineligible designation of the existent property concern successful 1990, galore businesspersons registered their ain companies and started existent property businesses successful the Kathmandu valley.
Subsequently, the existent property concern has gradually go wider. As of now, this concern has taken the commercialized signifier not lone successful the Kathmandu vale but besides successful galore districts.